Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease caused by impaired absorption of glucose in the blood, which causes hyperglycemia (sustained increase in the amount of glucose in the blood).
As a result of diabetes, problems related to vision, cardiovascular system, kidney function, blood circulation disorders of the legs may occur.
"Heredity is one of the main factors in the occurrence of diabetes, but lifestyle and diet also play a decisive role. For example, obesity is a risk factor and can contribute to the occurrence of type 2 diabetes," says endocrinologist Hasmik Manukyan.
Clinical symptoms of type 1 diabetes are acute, treatment is carried out with insulin therapy. It is manifested in children and young people.
Type 2 diabetes mainly develops in adulthood, and it can go without symptoms for many years and be detected during screening tests.
Symptoms of diabetes are:
- dry mouth
- feeling of insatiable thirst
- urinary frequency
- weight loss or gain.
In this case, it is necessary to consult a specialist, because the necessary change in diet and physical activity in the pre-diabetic stage can prevent the development of diabetes.